The top 10 largest countries in the world are Russia, Canada, the United States, China, Brazil, Australia, India, Argentina, Kazakhstan, and Algeria. These countries are all geographically diverse, each with its unique culture and history.
The Top Ten Largest Countries, In Square Kilometers.
Algeria – 2,381,741km2 (919,595 mi2)
Algeria is the tenth largest country in the world, with a surface area of 2,381,741 square kilometres. The country is located in the Maghreb region of Africa and has over 42 million people. Algeria is a unitary semi-presidential republic, and the capital and largest city are Algiers. The economy of Algeria is largely based on hydrocarbon exports, and the country is a member of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
Kazakhstan – 2,724,900square kilometres
Kazakhstan is the world’s largest landlocked country and the ninth-largest country by area. It borders Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan. The country is rich in natural resources, with significant oil, gas, coal, and uranium deposits. Kazakhstan is also home to the world’s largest landlocked body of water, the Caspian Sea.
The population of Kazakhstan is estimated at 18,051,800 (2020), making it the 63rd most populous country in the world. The capital and largest city are Nur-Sultan, formerly known as Astana. Other major cities include Almaty, Shymkent, and Aktobe.
Sudan – 2,505,810sq. km
Sudan is the tenth largest country in the world, with a total area of 2,505,810 square kilometres. Sudan is located in northeastern Africa and is bordered by the Red Sea, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, South Sudan, the Central African Republic, Chad, and Libya. Sudan has a population of 39,415,185 people, making it the third most populous country in Africa. The capital and largest city of Sudan is Khartoum.
Libya – 1,759,540square kilometres
Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa and the tenth largest country globally. Libya is slightly larger than Alaska, covering an area of 1,759,540 square kilometres. The Mediterranean Sea borders Libya to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
Iran – 1,648,195 km2
Iran is the 18th largest country in the world in terms of land area. It is located in the Middle East and has over 82 million people. The capital city is Tehran, and the official language is Persian. The currency is the Iranian Rial. The climate varies from arid and semi-arid in the central plateau to subtropical along the Caspian coast. The terrain is mostly mountainous, with deserts in the central and eastern parts of the country. Iran borders Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey and Turkmenistan. The economy is diversified and includes agriculture, mining, manufacturing and tourism. The country is rich in natural resources, including oil and gas.
Congo, Democratic Republic Of The – 2,344,858sq km
The Congo is the second-largest country in Africa by area and the eleventh-largest in the world. It is bordered by the Central African Republic to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the east, Uganda and Rwanda to the south, Burundi to the southwest, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The country’s name was changed from Zaire to the Congo in 1997.
The Congo is home to various ethnic groups, including the Kongo, Luba, and Mongo. French is the official language, but there are also numerous local dialects, such as Lingala, Swahili, and Tshiluba. Most of the population is Christian, with a significant minority of Muslims.
The Congo is a major producer of minerals, including gold, diamonds, copper, and cobalt. It is also a major producer of oil. The country has significant potential for economic growth, but this has been hindered by political instability and corruption.
Argentina – 2,780,400km²
Argentina is the second-largest country in South America and the eighth-largest country globally. Argentina covers an area of 2,780,400 km² and has a population of over 45 million people. Argentina is a federal republic with a presidential system of government. The capital of Argentina is Buenos Aires, and the official language is Spanish.
Argentina is a land of great geographical diversity. The Andes mountain range runs through the western part of the country, and the Pampas plains are located in the central and southern regions. Argentina also has a long coastline along the South Atlantic Ocean.
Argentina is a major agricultural producer and is one of the world’s leading exporters of beef and soybeans. The country is also a major wheat, corn, and wine producer. Argentina’s industrial sector is diversified and includes the production of automobiles, chemicals, textiles, and processed foods.
Argentina is a founding member of the United Nations and is a member of several international organizations, including the World Trade Organization, the G-15, and the G-20. Argentina is a signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and is a member of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
Mongolia – 1,564,116km2 (603,909 mi2)
Mongolia is the 19th largest country in the world and is slightly larger than Iraq. It is located in East Asia and shares borders with Russia and China. The capital city is Ulaanbaatar. The country is landlocked and mostly mountainous. The climate is harsh, with long, cold winters and short summers.
Saudi Arabia – 2,149,690square kilometres
With a land area of 2,149,690 square kilometres, Saudi Arabia is the world’s largest country. It is more than double the size of the second-largest country, Russia. Saudi Arabia is located in the Middle East and is bordered by the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf, Yemen, and Oman. The terrain is mostly desert with some mountains in the west. The climate is hot and dry. The population of Saudi Arabia is 32,257,959.
Russia – 17,098,242km2
Russia, the largest country in the world, covers a vast expanse of eastern Europe and northern Asia. With an area of 17,098,242 km2, it is more than 1.8 times the size of Canada’s next largest country. Russia has a wide range of landscapes, from the tundra of the far north to the forests of the taiga, the steppes of the south and the deserts of the east. The country also has thousands of rivers and lakes, including the Volga, Europe’s longest river. Russia is home to many ethnic groups and has a long history of empires and invasions. As a result, its culture is very diverse, with influences from Europe, Asia and the Middle East.